Aids document

CMI - Aids Document

Objective:  Participants learn about AIDS by answering selected questions, through group discussion:

 1.    What is Aids?

 The term "AIDS" stands for "Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome".  AIDS is an infectious disease caused by a virus called the Human Immuno-Deficiency Virus (HIV).  This virus destroys our bodies' defenses against germs, viruses and parasites.

 2.    How is the virus transmitted?

 The AIDS virus is transmitted primarily in one of three ways:

 Sexual contact: 

You can get AIDS when sleeping with somebody who already has AIDS.

 Blood: 

Infected blood or plasma is transfused to a healthy person.

Piercing or cutting the flesh using dirty material (needles, syringes, razor blades, scalpels, knives, etc.

 From an infected mother to her baby;

When a mother has AIDS she will transmit the illness to her child during pregnancy or delivery.

 3.    What are the signs of AIDS infection?

There is no one symptom that points to AIDS infection.  However, you should generally suspect that infection has occurred when you observe the following signs:

 -Diarrhea lasting for more than a month

 -Significant weight loss

 -Fever lasting for more than a month

 -Severe fatigue

 -Persistent cough lasting for more than a month

 4.    How long does it take for the symptoms to appear after the virus has invaded the body?

It varies from 6 months to 10 years.  A person can look healthy and yet be infected.  Although the infected individual does not exhibit the signs of AIDS, he can be a danger to others in that he can still transmit the virus to other people, especially to his partner.

 5.    How can you protect yourself against AIDS?

There is as yet no vaccine or cure for AIDS.  However, drugs are available that can slow down the development of the illness, but these are expensive and do not cure the illness.

 Our sure weapon is to prevent infection by:

 -Stopping any sexual relation outside of marriage.

-Using a condom when the husband or wife has the illness to avoid transmitting it to the partner.

-Not using un-sterilized equipment of injections, circumcisions, shaving etc.  You should use new equipment or sterilized equipment put in boiling water for 20 minutes.

 6.    Can you get AIDS through everyday contact with someone who has AIDS?

You cannot get AIDS from:

 -Using the same toilet

-Eating from the same dish

-Shaking hands

-Treating an AIDS patient

-Mosquito bites

-Wearing the same clothes

-Using the same shower

-Giving blood in the hospital

-Sleeping in the same bed

 7.    Can you tell if someone has AIDS?

No, you cannot!  When the illness is in its initial stages, which can last from a few months to several years, a person can be a career of the virus ad not even realize it.  Since he displays no symptoms, he can transmit the virus to another person, believing all the while that he is in good health.

 8.  If we do have the virus, how should we behave?

-Those who know they are infected must abstain from sexual intercourse.  If they are unable to do so, they must use a condom during all sexual contact.

-Those who regularly give blood must stop giving blood.

-A woman who has AIDS must do all she can to avoid pregnancy, as more than 50 % of her children will end up dying of AIDS.

 9.    How should we treat an AIDS patient?

-Never be afraid of an AIDS patient.

-Maintain your social relationship with them, since everyday social gestures will not expose you to contamination by the virus.

-Never have any sexual contact with them.

-Never exchange blood with them (syringes, needles, razor blades, blood transfusions).

Those who are sick with AIDS are our brothers and sisters.  Let us not leave them alone in their suffering.  They need our care and affection.

 10.How can we stop the alarming spread of AIDS throughout the world?

-By avoiding having sexual contacts outside our marriage.

 

 

 

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