Part 2 - Document

CMI – Village Hygiene Part 2

Objective:  Participants learn about VILLAGE HYGIENE by discussing the following selected passages.

 

  1. IN ORDER TO PROTECT YOURSELF FROM GERMS THAT THREATEN YOU, YOU MUST HAVE CLEAN WATER

There are several ways to have clean water for drinking and washing dishes.  When you make a spring, the reservoir fed by that spring must be protected from all sources of dirt that come from the outside:  dead leaves, stream water from the bush, animals, dirty pots used in drawing water, etc.  Water from the reservoir must flow out of a pipe.  That is where you put the bucket to draw water.

 

When you make a well, the opening to the well must be quite high above the ground (at least 1 meter).  The ground around the mouth of the well must be slopping and, if possible, reinforced with cement so that water flows far from the well and does not make mud.

 

You must close wells and cisterns with covers.  For cisterns, do not collect the water that comes from the first rains, because this water washes the roofs of the houses.  Be sure to clean the cisterns at the beginning of every season.

 

  1. YOU CAN ALSO MAKE WATER DRINKABLE AT HOME

In order to have clean water when the spring is not developed, you will need to make it drinkable at home.  How do you do it?  The best way is to use a filter.  Clean water that comes from the filter can be collected in a large glass bottle or a clay pot with a cover.

 

How do you get safe water to drink if you do not own a filter? For the baby, you can boil spring water for 15 minutes, let it cool and then save it in a closed cooking pot.

 

Passing the water through a clean piece of fabric prevents certain sicknesses, like the Guinea worm, but it lets small germs pass.  After each use, wash the piece of cloth with soap and dry it in the sun.

You can also put water in a clean bottle and leave it in the sun for 4 hours.  This will kill the germs too.

 

  1. HOW DO YOU PROTECT YOURSELF AGAINST GERMS?

-You need to wash your hands before eating and teach this habit to your children as soon as possible.

-You must also wash yourself and your clothes often.  Always dry the clothes in the sun on a clothes line and not on the ground.

-You need to use a toilet when you have a bowel movement or urinate, and then wash your hands afterwards.

-You need to keep wounds clean and protect them with a bandage as long as they are healing.

 

  1. YOU NEED TO PROTECT YOURSELF FROM GERMS THAT COME FROM OTHER PEOPLE

Certain sicknesses carry germs with them and transmit those germs to other people.  We call those diseases contagious diseases.  For example:  someone who has tuberculosis coughs a lot.  As he coughs, he can cough up spit some spit.  The spit is full of germs.  The sick person must not spit on the ground.  It is important that he spits into a box which he then burns.

 

Also, he must boil his clothes and wash the dishes that he uses with soap or water with bleach in it.  You also must not put a healthy baby near a sick baby such as one with measles, whooping cough, etc.  Instead, protect your baby by having him vaccinated.

 

  1. HOW DO YOU PROTECT YOURSELF FROM GERMS THAT ARE IN DIRT?

Mother regularly cleans the toilet so that there is no body waste around that can dirty the floor of the toilet.  She also teaches her children to close the toilet hole by covering it.  This will avoid  flies and bad odors.

 

In order to keep mud from forming around the mouth of the shower, father made a "lost well".  A lost well is a one-meter deep hole filled with large stones.  Dirty water is discarded by pouring it into the hole of the well. This keeps mosquitoes from laying their eggs in the waste water.

 

  1. THE ENTIRE COMPOUND IS CLEAN

How do you make the houses and kitchen clean?

 

Open the windows of the houses during the day in order to let the sunshine and fresh air in;  sweep the bedrooms regularly;  shake the mats;  put the linen outside;  put clothes and other personal belongings away.

 

From time to time, do a major cleaning of the house;  take out all of the personal belongings and clean everywhere before putting them back again.

 

Sweep the kitchens and compound regularly.  Do not let the dishes lie around dirty.  Make lost wells for throwing away the dirty water, etc.

 

  1. GERMS ARE STRONGER THAN MALNOURISHED PEOPLE

Since germs are everywhere, they will always succeed in penetrating your body one way or another.  But if your body is strong, it can defend itself well against germs and kill them off as they enter.

 

If your body is not strong enough to defend itself, the germs will multiply, become very numerous and make you sick.

 

Germs are strongest in malnourished people:  that is, in people who do not eat enough or eat poorly.

 

A person eats poorly when he does not eat all the foods that his body needs in order to be strong and to resist the attack of germs.

 

  1. GERMS ARE STRONGER THAN PEOPLE WHO ARE COLD

 

Germs are strongest in people whose bodies are cold:

-If your body is busy fighting against the cold, it has less strength for fighting against germs at the same time.

-A baby is very sensitive to the cold, especially when you wash him in draught areas.

 

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